+65 6592 0078

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Did you know?


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Dr Jaideep Raj Rao has over 25 years of experience in performing oesophageal cancer surgery


  • Experienced & internationally trained in Korea

  • Senior Consultant & Head of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery at Tan Tock Seng Hospital for 10 years

  • Honorary international member of the Korean laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery society.

  • Various treatment options specialising in minimal access surgery and Robotic surgery

Call us at

+65 6592 0078

Or send us an enquiry below


What is oesophageal cancer

Oesophageal cancer can occur when a malignant tumor forms in the lining of the oesophagus. As the tumor grows, it can affect the deep tissues and muscle of the oesophagus. A tumor can appear anywhere along the length of the oesophagus, including where the oesophagus and the stomach meet.

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What are the common types of oesophageal cancer?

Squamous cell carcinoma

occurs when cancer starts in the flat, thin cells that make up the lining of the oesophagus. This form most often appears in the top or middle of the oesophagus, but it can appear anywhere. 


occurs when cancer starts in the glandular cells of the oesophagus that are responsible for the production of fluids such as mucus. Adenocarcinomas are most common in the lower portion of the oesophagus.

Causes of Oesophageal Cancer

As with most cancers, the cause of oesophageal cancer isn’t yet known. It’s believed to be related to abnormalities (mutations) in the DNA of the cells related to the oesophagus.


These mutations signal the cells to multiply more rapidly than normal cells. These mutations also disrupt the signal for these cells to die when they should. This causes them to accumulate and become tumors.

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WHO IS AT RISK OF OEsophageal Cancer

  • Heavy drinkers and habitual smokers

  • Those with gastrooesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

  • Obese patients, who have higher tendency of acid reflux

  • Sufferers of achalasia, a condition in which the smooth muscle fibres of the oesophagus cannot relax

  • Those with oesophageal strictures developing after ingesting corrosive agents

OEsophageal Cancer SYMPTOMS

During the early stages of oesophageal cancer, you probably won’t experience any symptoms. As your cancer progresses, you may experience:

  • Unintentional weight loss

  • Indigestion  and Heartburn

  • Pain or difficulty when swallowing

  • Frequent choking while eating

  • Vomiting

  • Food coming back up the oesophagus

  • chest pain and fatigue

  • chronic cough

  • hiccups

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Providing Customized & Tailor Treatment Options For Your Condition

Contact Us At +65 6592 0078 To Fix An Immediate Appointment Today!

Dr Jaideep Raj Rao - Senior Consultant Surgeon



  • MBBS

  • MMed (Master of Medicine, National University of Singapore)

  • MRCS (Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh)

  • FRCS (Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh)

  • FAMS (Fellow of Academy of Medicine, Singapore)

Dr Jaideep Raj Rao is a senior consultant Surgeon at JR SURGERY in Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital who specialises in Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery and Gastric, Oesophageal  and pancreatic cancer surgery. He was awarded the National Healthcare Human Manpower Development program fellowship by Ministry of Health in 2007 and trained in Seoul National University and Bundang hospital in Korea and specialises in Stomach preservation Surgeries using Minimal Access Techniques such as Laparoscopic and Robot Assisted. He is involved in multiple stomach cancer surgery research both in Korea and Singapore

Available Treatments for Oesophageal Cancer


The most common procedure used to treat Oesophageal cancer would be the Oesophagectomy. This type of procedure is done to remove parts of or most of the oesophagus along with the tissues surrounding it that contain the cancerous cells. The surgeon would then reposition the stomach further up the chest or use a piece of the small intestine to preserve the oesophageal function. He may also remove samples from the lymph nodes to check for lymph cancer.

Radiation Therapy

This form of treatment involves the use of X-rays and protons to generate powerful beams of energy that will be precisely directed to the locations of the cancer cells to kill it. This may be used pre-surgery for those with cancer that has not spread to the rest of the body. For people who are unable to undergo surgery, this combined with chemotherapy would be the primary treatment method. Lastly, for those with cancer that has spread to the rest of the body, this may be a form of treatment to reduce pain.


This is usually a combined treatment of both oral and injectable medication administered over weeks or months. These are extremely strong drugs used to kill the cancer cells and can be used pre-surgery to shrink cancer. It can also be coupled with radiation treatment for those that are unable to undergo surgery. Lastly, for those with cancer that has spread throughout the body, this is a form of treatment to reduce pain.

Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (EDS) Or Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR)

These are used to treats tumours detected when they are small and have not spread to the rest of the body. This is done endoscopically without having the patient undergo the removal of their oesophagus. In cases where the tumour is large enough to cause a blockage in the oesophagus, endoscopic laser therapy may be used to cut a hole in the blockage to improve swallowing.

Photodynamic Therapy

This treatment makes use of drugs that can be activated by non-thermal light. It will be taken up by the cancer cells thereby destroying it when activated. This is used to ease the symptoms of oesophageal cancer, in particular, difficulty swallowing

Arden Jr Surgery Clinic

Call: +65 6697 4950

WhatsApp: +65 9635 7103

Email: ardenjrs@gmail.com

Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital, #08-32, 38 Irrawaddy Road, Singapore 329563